Ielts Academic Writing Task 2 Sample 22

Some argue that technological advancements can help solve environmental issues, while others believe technology is a major contributor to environmental degradation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The relationship between technological advancements and the environment is a topic of significant debate. While some argue that technology holds the key to solving pressing environmental issues, others contend that it is a major contributor to environmental degradation. In this essay, I will explore both perspectives and provide my opinion on this complex issue.

On one hand, proponents of technological advancements as a solution to environmental problems point to the numerous innovations that have the potential to mitigate human impact on the environment.

For instance, the development of renewable energy technologies such as solar panels, wind turbines, and hydroelectric power has offered cleaner alternatives to fossil fuels. Furthermore, advancements in waste management technologies have enabled more efficient recycling and waste reduction practices.

Improved waste treatment processes, such as composting and anaerobic digestion, contribute to the reduction of landfill waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, technology can enhance environmental monitoring and conservation efforts.

Satellite imaging, drones, and sensor technologies allow for real-time monitoring of ecosystems, deforestation rates, and wildlife populations. This data can inform conservation strategies and help prevent environmental destruction in sensitive areas.

On the other hand, critics of technology’s role in environmental degradation highlight the negative impacts that certain technologies have on ecosystems and natural resources.

The extraction and use of raw materials for technological devices, such as smartphones and computers, contribute to deforestation, habitat destruction, and water pollution. The electronic waste generated by discarded devices poses a significant challenge, as toxic components can leach into soil and water, harming both human health and the environment.

Moreover, some argue that the pursuit of technological solutions to environmental problems can lead to a belief that technology alone can solve complex environmental challenges, leading to complacency in addressing underlying issues such as overconsumption and unsustainable resource use.

In my view, the reality lies somewhere between these two perspectives. While technological advancements undeniably offer valuable tools and solutions for addressing environmental issues, they must be accompanied by thoughtful consideration of their impacts and limitations.

It is crucial to adopt a holistic approach that integrates technological innovations with sustainable practices and policies. For instance, investing in renewable energy technologies is essential for transitioning to a low-carbon future, but it should be coupled with efforts to reduce energy consumption and promote energy efficiency.

Similarly, while waste management technologies can improve recycling rates, emphasis should also be placed on reducing overall waste generation and promoting a circular economy.

In conclusion, by embracing a balanced approach that combines technological innovation with sustainable practices and informed decision-making, we can work towards a healthier and more sustainable future for our planet.

Note: This is a sample answer, and various viewpoints and sentences can be used to address the question.