Ielts Academic Writing Task 2 Sample 8

In many countries, plastic shopping bags are the main source of rubbish. What are the problems associated with this and what measures should be taken to reduce this problem?

In numerous nations, plastic shopping bags stand as a primary source of waste, posing significant environmental challenges. The issues linked with this problem are multifaceted and demand urgent attention. To mitigate these concerns, several measures can be implemented, ranging from public awareness campaigns to policy changes.

Firstly, the use of plastic shopping bags contributes extensively to environmental pollution. These bags take hundreds of years to decompose, filling landfills and harming wildlife in the process. Moreover, the production of plastic bags also consumes non-renewable resources such as oil and gas.

The energy-intensive manufacturing process further exacerbates carbon emissions, contributing to climate change. Additionally, the littering of plastic bags in public spaces not only mars the aesthetic appeal of cities but also clogs drainage systems, leading to flooding during heavy rains.

To address these issues, various measures should be adopted. Firstly, governments can implement policies to discourage the use of plastic shopping bags. This might include imposing taxes on their usage or outright bans, as seen in several progressive countries.

Furthermore, public awareness campaigns play a crucial role in changing consumer behavior. Educational programs can highlight the harmful effects of plastic bags on the environment, motivating people to make more sustainable choices. Additionally, fostering a culture of recycling is paramount. Governments should invest in efficient recycling facilities and promote the recycling of plastic bags.

In conclusion, the prevalence of plastic shopping bags as a major source of waste poses significant environmental and ecological challenges. To tackle this issue, a combination of governmental policies, public awareness campaigns, and promotion of eco-friendly alternatives is essential. By working together, individuals, businesses, and governments can make strides towards a cleaner, more sustainable environment for future generations.

Note: This is a sample answer, and various viewpoints and sentences can be used to address the question.